Laws and Treaties - State Government Laws



In general, matters that lie entirely within state borders are the exclusive concern of state governments. These include internal communications; regulations relating to property, industry, business, and public utilities; the state criminal code; and working conditions within the state. Within this context, the federal government requires that state governments must be democratic in form and that they adopt no laws that contradict or violate the federal Constitution or the laws and treaties of the United States. There are many areas of overlap between state and federal jurisdictions. Particularly in recent years, the federal government has assumed ever broadening responsibility in such matters as health, education, welfare, transportation, and housing and urban development. But where the federal government exercises such responsibility in the states, programs are usually adopted on the basis of cooperation between the two levels of government, rather than as an imposition from above.

The constitutions of the various states differ in some details but generally follow a pattern similar to that of the federal Constitution, including a statement of the rights of the people and a plan for organizing the government. On such matters as the operation of businesses, banks, public utilities, and charitable institutions, state constitutions are often more detailed and explicit than the federal one. Each state constitution, however, provides that the final authority belongs to the people, and sets certain standards and principles as the foundation of government.

- Abridged from State Dept. Publications and other U.S. government materials
Online Documents
  • Lawyer Demographics
    Statistical reports & research sites dealing with lawyer demographics including gender, age, employment, law firm diversity, etc.
  • Mandatory CLE State Requirements - American Bar Association, Continuing legal education requirements from each of the 40 states which mandate it.
  • NALP Research & Statistics (National Association for Law Placement) - Provides statistics on topics such as: diversity & demographics, legal career professionals, recent graduates, recruitment & hiring, salaries & compensation.
  • National Lawyer Population by State
  • Salaries Salaries of legal & related jobs
  • Women in Law Collection of statistical reports, factbooks & commissions pertaining to women in the law.
Web sites

[Last Updated: 12/6/2010]
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